Last month a rare object was detected in our solar system, and now scientist had confirmed it as an interstellar object. It is second interstellar object ever discovered, and on Tuesday, it is named as, “2I/Borisov.” But researchers have no clue from where did this comet come. Gennady Borisov is an amateur astronomer from Ukraine. On August 30, he discovered an object from the MARGO observatory in Crimea. He temporarily named it as, C/2019 Q4. Borisov discovered this comet from 0.65-meter telescope, which he builds himself.
IAU confirms details about the object while professional and amateur astronomers across the world helped the group. Research by the group suggests that the comet has an extremely hyperbolic orbit, which means that it is moving way to fast to orbit the sun. Hence, observations are proving its origin as interstellar. In one its recent press release, IAU stated comet is now adequately known. Its origin is unambiguously interstellar. Hence, it received its designation as “2I”, which means second interstellar object. Further IAU, has decided to name the cometary objects after the names of their discoverers, so in this case, the comet named as 2I/Borisov.
Astronomers from Hawaiian University estimated that comet maybe 1.2- 10 miles across and it will be closest to the sun on 7th of December. David Farnocchia is a scientist from NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory. He stated that comet’s velocity right now is around 93,000mph. This velocity is much above than the speeds of entities orbiting around the sun at that distances. The high rate of the comet indicates that not only it is likely originated from beyond our solar system, but also it will leave and return to the interstellar space. Comet is headed towards the earth, but according to NASA’s JPL, there is no reason to worry as it will not get any closer than 190 million miles. Scientists will study the comet for next few months until it returns to the vastness of space.
Farnocchia added that object would be observable with moderate-size telescopes until April of the year 2020, and after that, it will only be visible through professional and large telescopes through October 2020. Astronomers were not given this much of necessary time to observe 1I/’Oumuamua, first-ever interstellar object when it was detected leaving our solar system in the year 2017. Therefore, every astronomer either amateur or professional are excited to further research on 2I/Borisov before it vanishes forever.